Researchers Identify Molecular Mechanism of Terpenoid Biosynthesis in Sand Rice
As a pioneer plant of the mobile and semi-mobile sand dunes in arid and semi-arid region, Agriophyllum squarrosum, also called “sand rice”, is a folk Mongolian medicine with pleiotropic pharmacological and ecological economic importance endemic to Asian temperature deserts.
As a representative edible and medicinal resource plant in the extreme regions, sand rice has the potential to be developed as a renewable non-model plant for studying terpenoid production. However, the molecular mechanism of terpenoids biosynthesis still remains far from clear in this folk Mongolian medicinal herb.
In a study published in Plant Biotechnology Reports, researchers from Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources (NIEER) of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) employed comparative transcriptome across different tissues in sand rice to identify putative functional genes and profile their expression patterns, to further elucidate the potential pathways underlying terpenoid biosynthesis.
The researchers conducted a comparative transcriptome analysis of different tissues in sand rice to identify 84 unigenes encoding key enzymes in the upstream backbone biosynthesis and 53 unigenes encoding the downstream enzymes for terpenoid diversification.
With the other representative species from Amaranthaceae and Arabidopsis, the researchers also constructed phylogenetic relationships of key gene families involved in terpenoids biosynthesis and clarified their functional diversification.
Besides, considering to the habitat characteristics of sand rice, they proposed that the enrichment of terpenoids and the functional diversification of terpenoids biosynthesis enzymes were more or less involved into its adaptation to stressful environments of desert.
This study will provide genetic information to illuminate further molecular mechanism of terpenoid biosynthesis in sand rice and other Amaranthaceae species, which will promote pharmacological applications and serve a foundation for local evolution and ecology researches of this folk medicinal herb.
Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China