Microplastics Threaten Typical Remote Cryospheric Regions
Microplastics usually refer to plastic fibers, films, fragments, and microbes with size less than five millimeters. They are widely distributed in water, soil, sediment, atmosphere, and even snow and ice, which bring potential impacts on Earth's climate and environment.
A research team from the Northwest Institute of Eco-Environmental and Resources of the Chinese Academy of Sciences conducted a series studies on the features and potential impacts of microplastics in the typical cryospheric regions.
Their findings were published in Earth-Science Reviews, Science of The Total Environment and Environmental Pollution.
Typical cryospheric regions, such as the Arctic, Antarctic and the Tibetan Plateau, are usually far away from the intensive anthropogenic activities. They are considered as the ideal laboratory to investigate the source, transmission and impact of pollutants.
The researchers found that microplastics were widely distributed in snow, ice, river water and surface soil in the remote cryospheric regions including Arctic, Antarctic, Tibetan Plateau, Alps, and Andes.
Microplastic concentrations in snow and ice differed one to four orders of magnitudes mainly due to the different sampling and measurement methods.
"Systematic sampling and measurement methods would help to establish the microplastics dataset in snow, ice, soil and other environment matrix, and to promote the comprehensive investigations of microplastic pollution globally," said Dr. ZHANG Yulan, corresponding author of the study.
Abundant microplastics were also found from glaciers in the Tibetan Plateau, indicating that microplastics could be transported over long distance from the surrounded regions with heavy anthropogenic emissions of pollutants.
Microplastics in the typical cryospehric regions and their potential impacts (Image by ZHANG Yulan)